Express Entry Canada
WHAT IS EXPRESS ENTRY?
Express Entry is a program launched by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) in 2015 that provides a pathway to individuals and families to get permanent residency for skilled workers in Canada. It is the primary driver of economic immigration to Canada and one of the most popular immigration programs globally. The EE program manages and processes applications received through Canada’s Federal Economic Immigration Program that is a multi-stage immigration procedure. EE Program manages a pool of skilled individuals. Applicants who meet the requirements based on factors like age, education, and work experience etc. qualify for the program and submit an EOI (Expression of Interest) for Immigration to Canada.
Determine your Eligibility
Express Entry Program is based on the Comprehensive Ranking System, which takes into account factors like age, education, experience etc. The first step to be taken should be to determine your eligibility for EE Program streams including Federal Skilled Worker, Federal Skilled Trades and Canadian Experience Class.
Enter the Pool
Eligible candidates make an expression of Interest by submitting an online EE profile. Candidates provide details including personal information, language ability, professional experience and education. All candidates in the EE pool are ranked according to the CRS calculator, which awards points differently from how points are awarded under the FSW program. Under the CRS, points are awarded for core human capital, skill transferability, and a qualifying job offer from a Canadian employer or a nomination from a Canadian province or territory.
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Receive an Invitation to Apply
Candidates with the highest-ranking CRS will receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA). According to IRCC, draws for ITAs are expected to take place at regular intervals for the year. A candidate’s rank is determined using the CRS. To be eligible to receive an ITA for Canadian permanent residency, the candidates must meet the minimum cut-off score of the draw. If an ITA is received, sixty days are allotted to the candidates for submission of a complete application for Canadian permanent residency. Under the immigration laws of Canada, the candidates must show the evidence of meeting the eligibility requirements.
Once the PR application is submitted to IRCC, the average processing time is six months. If the application is processed smoothly and accepted, candidates are issued Permanent Residence Visas.
About CRS (Comprehensive Ranking System):
The CRS ranks eligible candidates for immigration to Canada via the EE. Maximum of 1,200 points are obtainable under the CRS.
For applicants not havinganaccompanying spouse/common-law partner, there are:
- 500 points for core human capital;
- 100 points for skill transferability; and
- 600 points for additional factors (including a provincial nomination, an offer of arranged employment, Canadian study experience, a sibling in Canada, and French/English language capability).
For candidates havingan accompanying spouse/common-law partner, there are:
- 460 points for core human capital of the principal candidate;
- 40 points for the core human capital of the spouse/common-law partner;
- 100 points for skill transferability factors; and
- 600 points are available for additional factors (including a provincial nomination, arranged employment offer, Canadian study experience, a sibling in Canada, and French language ability).
Candidates can get additional points for good French skills:
If they score NCLC 7 or higher on all four French language skills (listening, speaking, reading and writing), they will get:
- 15 additional points if they scored CLB 4 (Listening 4.5, Writing 4.0, Speaking 4.0 and Reading 3.5) or lower in English (or they have not had an English test); or
- 30 additional points if they scored CLB 5 (Listening / Writing / Speaking 5.0 each and Reading 4.0), or higher on all four English skills
This is in addition to the points candidates get for official languages.
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The Express Entry end-year report of 2018 and mid-year report of 2019
The system of Express Entry was introduced in January 2015, through which a vast number of immigrants have migrated to Canada. The report, given in later paragraphs, is the latest that consists data of 2018 and mid-2019.
In 2018, the immigration department expected to welcome new immigrants ranging from 290,000 to 330,000 with a target of 310,000 of newcomers, among which 74,900 new immigrants were targeted through EES. Comprehensive Rankings Score (CRS) requirements ranged from 439 to 456 during the whole year of 2018. Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) held twenty-seven rounds of ITAs and sent 89,800 ITAs in the year of 2018 under the EES. During the period, Canada issued a total of 3112 invitations to apply for its citizenship to Pakistanis through the EES and 3,525 applicants, along with their families, immigrated to Canada as its citizens. Considering the occupations among invitations that were issued in 2018, Software Designers and Engineers, Interactive Media Developers and Computer Programmers, and Information System Consultants and Analysts were among the most invited professionals who also had arranged employments. Total of 122,247 applications were made for Canadian permanent residency through the EES, among which all the applications were successful in obtaining the permanent residency in Canada. 92,231 candidates, along with their families, entered Canada as permanent residents through the EES in 2018.
Concerning the data of mid-2019, the immigration department targeted 330,000 newcomers into Canada throughout the year. From this target, the immigration department targeted to welcome 81,400 new immigrants to Canada through EE draws.And until now, seventeen EE draws have been conducted by the IRCC. It required its candidates to score CRS points ranging from 438 to 470 throughout the half-year. And, it has issued over 50,000 invitations to apply for Canadian permanent residency.
IRCC has set a target of admitting more immigrants via the EES programs in over the next two years. More individuals, along with their families, from all across the world can make Canada their new permanent residency as more invitations issuance is expected in the coming weeks, months, and years.
*On the latest EE draw, 4th September 2019, another 3600 ITAs were issued by Canada. In this draw, 23rd August tie break was applied, meaning that all applicants who had CRS score of 463 and above and entered the EE pool before 23rd August received ITAs. The CRS cut-off score was increased by six points in the latest draw from 20th August draw, which was influenced by time-laps of more than two weeks between the last two draws. The time expansion between two subsequent draws enables more candidates to enter the EE pool as well as the existing candidates to improve their CRS scores directly affecting CRS cut-off score. CRS score may possibly decrease in future if IRCC continues to conduct draws within two weeks and to issue a high number of ITAs in each draw.